Polski English
Home Guide RSXes Files Functions Versions Releases Users Download
CP/M MEMDISK IDEDOS

IDEDOS - the access to harddisks

The IDEDOS means extra facilities of the +3e operating system, written by Garry Lancaster. For more details please consult his page at http://www.zxplus3e.plus.com/.

In ZXVGS and CPM22QED is implemented the IDEDOS partition table (also called IDEDOS system partition).

Searching for IDEDOS structures:

  1. Read the sector 1 on cylinder 0 and head 0.
  2. If sector length is 512B (full IDE), go to 5.
  3. (Simple IDE - sector length is 256B.) If "PLUSIDEDOS" signature found, go to 10.
  4. Don't mount the disk at all.
  5. If "PLUSIDEDOS" signature found, go to 10.
  6. If "P?L?U?S?I?D?E?D?O?S" signature found, switch disk access to 8-bit and go to 10.
  7. Read the sector 1 on cylinder 0 and head 1.
  8. If "PLUSIDEDOS" signature found, go to 10.
  9. Don't mount the disk. (Or try to analyse MS-DOS partition tables.)
  10. Analyse IDEDOS partition table.
The 64 bytes partition entry
OffsetLengthDescription
+016Partition name (case-insensitive, space-padded).
+1616Partition definition.

+161Partition type (0=free handle)
+172Starting cylinder.
+191Starting head.
+202Ending cylinder.
+221Ending head.
+234Largest logical sector number.
+275Type-specific information.
+3232Type-specific information.

Partition types
Partition
type
number
Description
#00 Unused partition/free handle.
#01 System partition. The first partition on a disk, starting at phisical sector 1 (cylinder 0, head 0 or 1), is always the system partition and contains a list of 64-byte partition entries that define all the partitions on the disk (including the system one). Only one partition of this type is permitted on a disk, and this is always the first partition. The name is always "PLUSIDEDOS" (followed by 6 spaces).
#02 Swap partition.
#03 +3DOS partition. The maximum theoretical size for a +3DOS partition is just under 32Mb. The XDPB has logical geometry.
#04 CP/M partition with XDPB that reflects phisical disk structure. So if the disk has 17 spt, the LSPT is 68. The partition uses always integer number of cylinders and uses whole cylinder (from head 0). Otherwise (when from not track 0) this is converted to reserved tracks (OFF in XDPB). This is required for my DSKHNDLR low level disk drivers.
#05 Boot partition. This is only one file, stored as a partition. Used to boot a hardware. Eg. Timex FDD 3000 extedend with YABUS.TF, will search the IDEDOS partiton table to find "YABUS.TF" partition. If found, the partition contents is loaded into RAM and started. The partition size is usually 8k to 64kB, what gives 1..2 tracks (or 1..8 track for disks with 17 spt). The number of sectors to load is in partition definition.
#10 MS-DOS (FAT16) partition.
#20 UZI(X) partition.
#30 TR-DOS diskimage partition. Usually 640kB. Sector offset.
#31 SAMDOS diskimage partition (B-DOS record), 800kB. Sector offset.
#32 MB-02 diskimage partition. Usually 1804kB. Sector offset.
#FE Bad disk space.
#FF Free disk space.

Example partitions data

The disk is Seagate ST351A/X and its structure is 980/5/17 (not the reported in manual 820/6/17).

First track is reserved to allow MBR and MS-DOS partitions table in 0/0/1 sector. The MS-DOS (and other) partitions can start at cylinder 198 as IDEDOS structure ends at cylinder 197 inclusive. IDEDOS structure could also take whole disk and contain MS-DOS partition inside.

IDEDOS structure starts at sector 0/1/1, so 1 * 17 * 512 = 8704 = #2200 bytes are skpipped.

02200  50 4C 55 53 | 49 44 45 44 | 4F 53 20 20 | 20 20 20 20   PLUSIDEDOS       
02210  01 00 00 01 | 00 00 01 10 | 00 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00   ................ 
02220  C6 00 05 11 | 55 00 87 00 | 02 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00   O...U........... 
02230  00 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00   ................ 
IDEDOS system partition (type #01 - area that describes other partitions). Starts at cylinder 0 head 1 and ends at the same one. Partition size is 11 sectors (#00000010). At #02220 disk parameters are defined: 198 cylinders (#0C6, two bytes), 5 heads (one byte), 17 sectors per track (#11, one byte), sectors per cylinder is calculated to 85 (#0055, two bytes). Up to 136 partitions can be defined (#0087 is last number = 1 * 17 * 512 / 64 - 1, two bytes). Area behind from cylinder 198 is reserved for other systems (e.g. MS-DOS) and not available as IDEDOS partitions.
02240  5A 58 56 47 | 53 20 20 20 | 20 20 20 20 | 20 20 20 20   ZXVGS            
02250  04 02 00 00 | C5 00 04 13 | 41 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00   ....L...A....... 
02260  44 00 04 0F | 00 44 10 FF | 03 FF FF 00 | 00 00 00 02   D....D....... 
02270  03 04 C4 11 | 01 00 02 00 | 00 A1 FF 00 | 00 00 00 00   ..A............ 
Main CP/M partition (type #04). Starts at cylinder 2 head 0 and ends at cylinder 197 (#00C5) head 4 inclusive. At #02260 XDPB is provided. Partition has 16660 sectors (#00004113).
02280  50 4C 33 4D | 45 4D 2E 53 | 59 53 20 20 | 20 20 20 20   PL3MEM.SYS
02290  05 01 00 03 | 01 00 04 1F | 00 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00   ................
022A0  00 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00   ................
022B0  00 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00   ................
Boot file (type #05) dedicated for the PL3MEM interface. Starts at cylinder 1 head 3 and ends at cylinder 1 head 4. File size is 32 sectors (#0000001F) - last two are unused.
022C0  46 52 45 45 | 20 20 20 20 | 20 20 20 20 | 20 20 20 20   FREE
022D0  FE 00 00 02 | 01 00 02 65 | 00 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00   t......e........ 
022E0  00 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00   ................ 
022F0  00 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00 | 00 00 00 00   ................ 
Some free space (type #FE). Starts at cylinder 0 head 2 and ends at cylinder 1 head 2 inclusive. Has 102 sectors (#00000065). Can be used later to place more boot files.
© 2003-06-24 12:48:59 Jarek Adamski zxvgs@yarek.com, http://zxvgs.yarek.com